As Europe commemorated the 20th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall and the collapse of Communism, the old guard was frozen out in Moscow.
Communists gathered for a Nov. 7 rally to mark the anniversary of the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution - and Moscow communist leader Vladimir Ulas expected a crowd of more than 30,000 to march from Pushkinskaya Ploshchad to Teatralnaya Ploshchad. However, the Communist Party later blamed bad weather for a turnout officially given as just 500.
Those hardy souls who braved the chill waved placards saying "Socialism is the way out of the crisis" and "Lies about Lenin and Stalin - to the dustbin of history!"
Meanwhile, around the corner in Red Square, there was an official re-enactment of the famous parade of Nov. 7, 1941, which rallied troops' morale as the Germans advanced on Moscow. Two T-34 tanks took pride of place in this year's show.